INVITED AUTHOR: Rosa M. Patró Hernández Intimate partner violence against women: prevention and intervention strategies in Spain. The experience of having suffered physical and/or sexual violence by their partners reaches 30% of women around the world (WHO, 2013). It affects around two out of ten women in Europe. This figure doubles if we consider psychological violence (EUFRA, 2014). Only a few additional data: 38% of the homicides of women are committed by their partners; 42% of women who have suffered physical or sexual violence by their partners suffer injuries of clinical severity as a result of the violence; the victims have 2.16 times more probability of abortion, 1.41 times of preterm childbirth, between 1.52 and 1.81 times of present a sexually transmitted disease and two times more likely to have depression than women who have not suffer intimate partner violence (WHO, 2013). In the 21st century, it is a fact that too many women continue to suffer this form of violence and that physical, psychological and social consequences that may suffer their victims, make it a serious social and health problem of global scale. But, is it possible to put an end to this long-standing form of violence against women? According to the recommendations of United Nations Women (UN Women, 2015), the study and design of effective measures and strategies of prevention and intervention on violence against women implicate the...Read More
Author: Rosa Maria Limiñana Gras
According to the United Nations (1995), Reproductive Health affects the lives of both men and women in all matters related to the reproductive system and its functions and processes, and it implies not only that people are able to have a satisfactory life without taking sexual risks but are also able to have the ability of giving birth and the liberty of deciding when and how often. Given the scale and the role that gender variable has in the framing of the society and its impact on the health of men and women, the research conducted into the field of reproductive health also are advancing and promoting policies that recognize its importance. Human reproduction is a complex biological process bound by social development, in which not just sex but gender also determines the psychological health of the men and women who affront the process of infertility. The publication of scholarly research on the infertility experience has grown in the past years but the evidence about the importance of gender for the experience of infertility is much more scarce. The chapter “Health and Gender Perspective in Infertility” aims to contribute to current evidence on the determinants of health in infertility by integrating the gender approach. The chapter discloses how men and women are coping with experience of infertility, individually or as a couple, and analyzes the psychological valence that the social discourse...Read More
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